Whatever the encouraging results and the progress of #ArtificialIntelligence (#AI) the world can see, we are far from the development of an intelligence such as human intelligence. More and more studies show the major importance of our sensory relation to our environment.
In his book, Descartes’ Error, neuroscientist Antonio Damasio writes that “Nature appears to have built the apparatus of rationality not just on top of the apparatus of biological regulation, but also from it and with it “. In other words, the human thinks with all his body, not just with his brain.
This need of physical survival in an uncertain world can be at the root of the suppleness and power of human intelligence. But few AI researchers have really embraced the implications of these ideas.
The motivation of most artificial intelligence algorithms is to conclude patterns from vast data sets – so it could require millions or even billions of individual cat’s photos to gain a high degree precision in the recognition of cats in general, for example.
But when a human confronts a new problem, most of the hardest work has already been done. In a way that we are just beginning to understand, our body and brain have already built a model of the world that we can apply almost instantly to a wide range of challenges. But for an AI algorithm, the process starts at zero each time. There is an active and important line of research, known as “inductive transfer”, based on the use of knowledge previously learned by machines to illuminate new solutions. However, as is, it is doubtful that this approach is capable of imitate something like the richness of our own body models.
If Stephen Hawking’s caveat that smart machines could put an end to humanity is relevant, technology is still far from proposing something that is more or less approaching human intelligence. And it will be impossible to achieve this goal if experts won’t think carefully about how to give the algorithms a kind of long-term relationship and embodied with their environment.
Currently #AI has beaten humans in poker, but not to forget that a computer can’t win at poker if great set of algorithms aren’t behind it. The victory of AI proves the ability of a computer program to learn from human to surpass him but doesn’t mean that human intelligence has been left behind by the artificial intelligence.
At the same time that the American Gafa (Google, Amazon, Facebook, Apple), the Chinese BATX (Baidu, Alibaba, Tencent and Xiaomi), car manufacturers and all industries and services make the bet of artificial intelligence, Would it be necessary to conclude that future sounds the death of human intelligence?
Will we be, in near future, led by robots that have become, thanks to humans, more intelligent and more effective in managing our lives? Or, conversely, is not the victory of a computer program ultimately only the success of computing and calculating power … and nothing else than that. This question will be asked repetitively and it’s up to each individual to decide the answer we want to give.
We must not forget that #ArtificialIntelligence only helps us in our daily lives, by assisting us in various activities that we are moreover willing to entrust to more efficient and technical than we do to realize them. For example, to order a lunch/dinner, to chat with an after-sales service or to drive a car is in no way the demonstration of talent, intelligence or the human mind, nor of the domination of artificial intelligence. Is it not, moreover, the characteristic of human intelligence to know how to invent machines to replace it and make it better in such activities?
The recent success of “chatbots”, these small programs able to make the machine interact with the man thanks to the artificial intelligence, testifies in the same way. Thanks to them, it is now easier to manage your gas bill or know the terms of voting at an election. And tomorrow, they will allow us to dialogue with our car, our house and all connected objects of our world …
For it is ultimately the primary meaning that must be restored to artificial intelligence: to be at the service of human. Whether it deals with the recognition of voice, images, movements or their interpretation, artificial intelligence is only a tool, designed by humans, to render a service more efficient and to free man from the constraint of Activities entrusted to him.
Emotion, the shielded hunt of the human
True, technological breakthroughs frighten us as much as they fascinate us, but we have the certainty that human intelligence will remain dominant as long as it knows the only thing a machine can never transmit: emotion. This means that artificial intelligence can only assist us with functions and tasks that do not involve emotion and feelings. The man will then take over the artificial intelligence.
It is also in this case that technology may well make us much more human by reminding us of our irrevocable comparative advantage: our ability to experience feelings, to understand others, to anticipate their expectations, to guess their Fears … No machine is capable of feeling emotions with the finesse, precision, delicacy but also the weakness and sometimes the charm of the emotional intelligence of man.
Faced with the increasing irruption of artificial intelligence into everyday life, the man-machine relationship “remains to be defined”, but leave impression that the “upheaval will be profound”.